عنوان مقاله [English]
During the Qajar era, Iran witnessed various developments of modernism in various fields of society, including the army and arm forces, developments that reached their peak during the Naseri era. With the pressure of the western governments, the existence of internal riots along with the constant conflict with the Ottoman Caliphate, the transformation and upgrading of the military forces of the protected countries of Iran and, naturally, the weapons were given the first priority, which naturally brought a lot of costs. The above matter has such important that been subject of various researches, but the related materials have not been very coherent and it has always been difficult to present a clear picture of situation of the Qajar army, however, many weapons from the mentioned era have remained until today. which have rarely been researched, so the weapons and appearance, both in pictures and in the writings of military experts, can provide us with valuable information that forms the basis of this article. The main questions are:1.What weapons came to Iran in the process of modernization?2.How the new weapons of the 19th century, and in fact, the Naseri army, did act versus the traditional forces and geographical conditions of Iran? In addition to the introduction of weapons, this article aims to restore the performance and quality of the army. As a result, it was found that cheaper weapons compatible with Iran's conditions were selected and accessories produced inside the country.In addition, military reforms were very successful in maintaining internal stability.