عنوان مقاله [English]
Pirates, once trapped in the realms of storytelling, movies, and cartoons, have for years gone so far as to invade parts of the world; Annually, there are numerous reports of pirate raids and attacks on ships in international waters. The international community has felt threatened by the increase in this crime in the open waters of the world. Maritime terrorism is also the second type of non-state actors that pose a threat to shipping. Maritime terrorism is as difficult to define as piracy, because terrorism is not an ideology, but a kind of insurgent strategy that can be used by people with very different political beliefs. Terrorism at sea is important when we know that 90% of world trade takes place by sea; Thus, maritime security is strongly linked to the global economy and global transit. Based on the above hypotheses, this article seeks to answer the question of what are the new threats of piracy and maritime terrorism and what is the solution to deal with these threats? The temporary answer to this question is that, given that the vast volume of trade and the global strategic balance will continue to be the case in the oceans and seas in the future; The idea of the present article is that comprehensive solutions in the international arena can be effective in solving the problem.