عنوان مقاله [English]
Bioterrorism is any form of intimidation that involves the release or deliberate release of highly pathogenic biological agents, including a variety of microorganisms or biological toxins. With the growing threat of terrorism, it is necessary to take seriously the risk of exposure to a variety of microorganisms as a powerful tool of aggression and threat. This article explains the concept of biological warfare and its historical development, with an emphasis on efforts to control the proliferation of these weapons over time. The potential effects of infectious diseases on people and the military have been known since 600 BC. The use of plague victims as weapons in medieval wars and the development of smallpox against Native Americans at the beginning of the American continent, the development of biological weapons during World War I, II, and the Cold War, and even the beginning of the third millennium, all indicate the strategic importance of microbial inhibition. Pathogenicity has been and is for the supremacy of some states and sects. Historical attempts to use infectious diseases as biological warfare tools show that it is very difficult to distinguish between the natural occurrence of an infectious disease epidemic and its occurrence as a result of a deliberate biological attack. International agreements to control the development of biological weapons of war, such as the 1925 Geneva Protocol and the Convention against the Development, Production and Storage of Bacterial and Toxin Weapons, have also failed to prevent the use of biological weapons of war. Therefore, the present article is to increase the awareness of the people, especially those in charge of medical affairs and officials of the country.