نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دکترای مدیریت مالی و استاد دانشگاه خاتم
عنوان مقاله [English]
The political and economic history of the world since the formation of theories of dependence has witnessed many events on the way to lead the world to dependence and these events with slavery, occupation, colonization and exploitation of countries, World War I, financial crisis 1929, World War II, war The Cold War, the financial crises and currency wars of the twentieth century, all kinds of regional wars, the assassination of political and economic figures, have evolved the tools of pressure on countries. On the other hand, with the economic dominance of the United States over the world and the economic dominance of the US dollar over the economy and international financial relations, especially after the collapse of Bertown Woods in 1973, as well as the centrality of the petrodollar in the financial system and budgets of most countries. Issues such as human rights, financial transparency, the fight against money laundering and the fight against the financing of terrorism were raised under the pretext of maintaining US national security and the international security of the international community. With the victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran in 1978, the issue of confronting the ideals of the Islamic Republic of Iran under the pretext of maintaining US national security was on the agenda of US officials and a variety of tools were used, such as after 8 years of imposed war Today, the issue of psychological warfare or silent war of the treasury and the re-threat of our country to a military option on the table is used as a tool to put pressure on the system of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The present article reviews the above developments and emphasizes emerging threats in the international economic and financial field with a national security approach and tries to identify the types of threats, including emerging threats, emerging threats and disappearing threats, hybrid threats or Analyze a combination based on a conceptual model and provide short-term and long-term strategic solutions to transform threats into emerging, emerging and disappearing opportunities.