نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیای سیاسی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران .
عنوان مقاله [English]
Terrorism is an important issue in national and international security in today's world. Due to its connection with new technologies, this phenomenon has become a strategic problem in the shadow of which small but organized and complex groups have become important actors in the international arena. Given that we are witnessing new forms of terrorism at the present time, we are still witnessing the presence of its traditional form in the Middle East in the form of takfiri groups such as ISIS. Given that the phenomenon of terrorism is a global problem that almost no government or nation can avoid. It is necessary to examine this issue comprehensively. Terrorism calls into question the values that underlie the UN Charter, such as respect for human rights, the rule of law, laws and regulations governing the protection of civilians in war, tolerance between nations and countries, and the peaceful settlement of disputes. That's why the United Nations has already drafted several conventions on combating terrorism. Given the diversity and complexity of terrorist acts, their organization and transnationalization make it necessary to reconsider and criminalize terrorism. Therefore, in this article, with a descriptive-analytical method, we first describe the backgrounds of the formation of terrorism and ISIL and their psychological backgrounds in the Middle East. We will then examine the international conventions related to this issue in the international arena